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National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration ready to launch new climate simulation supercomputer

by gps4us news 2011-12-22 15:28


Supercomputer weather simulationThe National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration supercomputer dome is built to the capacity of most powerful synergy of modern cloud computing, parallel computing and supercomputing engines. The tenth NOAA supercomputer adds  an enormous amount of computing power to existing line of NOAA supercomputers, creating new core at the foundation of world's most advanced network of weather forecast data centers. The new SGI Altix ICE clustered supercomputer is capable of processing 383 trillion floating point (Teraflop) operations per second. Most devastating hurricanes such as Hurricane Irene call for necessity to create virtual computer models to predict and analyze the behavior of atmospheric, oceanographic and earth crust large scale  dangerous events such as storms, hurricanes, volcano eruptions and earthquakes at highest possible resolution of their intensity patterns. Hurricane intensity is ranked on the Saffir-Simpson scale, ranging storms power from Category 1 to 5, with Category 5 storms being the most dangerous. A new supercomputing mega-teraflop data center facility in West Virginia could run simultaneously dozens of massive parallel weather forecast projects. The communications fabric of the NOAA supercomputing facility allows to collect in real time and immediately process most granular weather data from hundreds and thousands local points of weather information providers. 

NOAA storm and hurricane prediction climate simulatorMassive amount of weather data collected and processed through new supercomputing climate simulator will add new value to Climate Services and weather forecasts provided to wider audiences of public and make more precise predictions of the formation and danger estimate of newly developed medium to huge scale hurricanes. The new and improved climate services and climate modeling architecture will reach down to local environments. The supercomputer lets weather researchers and scientists develop new tools and applications  allowing highly granular analysis of critical and severe weather information, especially when hurricane formations are on the rise, modeling and predicting spread patterns and damage levels which could be caused by the forming hurricane. Hurricane behavioral analysts and weather prediction methods mathematicians will use the supercomputing mega-teraflop platform to invent new and sophisticated multidimensional weather prediction computer models. The real time information received from numerous GPS enabled radars, weather monitoring systems, atmospheric and oceanographic centers around the earth, data streams from weather satellites, with high precision global positioning system, such as GPS topographic maps information accompanying each building block of vital weather information of newly developed hurricane, other critical change in atmospheric or oceanographic activities, simulated and processed at almost four hundred teraflop, open new possibilities to measure developing hurricanes intensity, to fully analyze the earliest threats posed by Category 3 to 5 storms and hurricanes in a timely matter.

The lessons learned during Hurricane Irene, Hurricane Katrina and the results of analysis of the weather patterns performed by the supercomputer will be instantly made available for the decision makers to shorten response time to the hazardous conditions and make timely calls for the evacuation and rescue activities, to predict and project the hurricane development paths on the three dimensional topographic maps within weather simulation tools, and to increase quality and efficiency of safety programs and evacuation efforts during the early stages of hurricanes. The public care provider and support centers will receive an increased quantity and quality of weather prediction and hurricane awareness services. 

NOAA hurricaneThe NOAA supercomputing data center facility itself is designed to withstand power blackouts and cooling system outages. The independent ride through cooling backup system is being tested to manage 25,000 gallons of water chilled at 55 degrees. While the data center equipment runs at full mega-teraflop load, the backup thermal management system's will be capable of  providing an extra cooling cycle timeframe sufficient to reliably cover for a possible power outage, while the ride through cooling backup system allows for the backup power source activation and engagement for uninterrupted continuous operation of the weather prediction supercomputer. The early weather prediction and analysis reports, hurricane alert and critical weather pattern development awareness services and suite of cloud computing utility services will become available, in stages, from the new supercomputing NOAA data center next month.

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